Geography of Nepal

Nepal is a south asian country which is land linked with India and China. Bordering with India in the south, east and west and China in the north. She covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145 to 241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. In the worlds' map she lies at 26 and 30 degrees north latitudes and 80 and 88 degree east longitudes. She is topographically divided into three regions: Himalaya (Himal), Hills (Pahaad) and Terai (Tarai).


The Himalaya: The Himalayan range borders of the country to the north and the region represents 15% of the total area of Nepal. World's famous peaks like Mt. Everest (8848 m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), Dhaulagiri (8167 m) etc are essence of the region with sparse vegetation up to the altitude of 4,500 m. Some of  Nepal's most beautiful animals and plant-life are also abundant here. Although rare, the snow leopard and Danphe bird are much talked-about sights among visitors. The people in this region produce and sell cheese besides working as mountain guides and porters. Many also trade with Tibet and across the border to sell their goods.

The Hills: This region covers 68% of the total land area of the country. The valleys like Kathmandu and Pokhara lie in this region. Elevation ranges from 500 to 3,000m above sea level. During summer the temperature reaches an average of 32 degree Celsius. Winter is cold, and temperature sometimes goes below the freezing point. Areas in the eastern hills receive more rainfall because of the monsoon clouds, which come from the Bay of Bengal. The western and rain shodow regions do not receive rainfall so the mountain glaciers are the main sources of the rivers in the region. The hills and their forest are the abode of various species of birds, wild animals like spotted leopard, barking deer and Himalayan black bear. Over four hundred species of birds are found here. The hilly region is also popular for different kinds of flora and fauna comprising several medicinal herbs.

The Terai: Locally called Terai, lowland areas, covers 17% of the total land area of Nepal. It provides excellent farming land and the average elevation of lowlands is 100 to 300m above sea level. In the sub-tropical forest areas of Terai are found, marshes and wildlife, which include the Royal Bengal tiger, one horned Rhino and the Gharial crocodile etc. About 48% of the country's population occupies this region. Flat farmlands and the region's flexible topography have given rise to many industries.